OCHA (Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)
OCHA’s mission is to mobilise and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors in order to:
- alleviate human suffering in disasters and emergencies
- advocate for the rights of people in need
- promote preparedness and prevention
- facilitate sustainable solutions.
In December 1991, the General Assembly adopted Resolution 46/182, designed to strengthen the United Nations’ response to both complex emergencies and natural disasters. In addition it aimed at improving the overall effectiveness of the UN’s humanitarian operations in the field.
WHERE DOES OCHA WORK?
OCHA is based at United Nations Headquarters in New York and has another main office in Geneva and 30 regional and field offices.
Every person affected by a disaster or conflict has the right to assistance. When a national government is unable to provide sufficient help, it may request international support. This support can come in the form of food and material aid, protection of rights, access to clean water, health services, information and other life-sustaining forms of assistance. OCHA tries to ensure assistance is effective and efficient and to reduce duplication and gaps.
HOW DOES OCHA COORDINATE HUMANITARIAN RELIEF?
OCHA supports and facilitates the work of UN agencies, non-governmental organisations and the Red Cross/Crescent Movement that deliver humanitarian services and assistance to people in need. It also works closely with governments, supporting them in their lead role for organising humanitarian response in emergency situations.
HOW DOES COORDINATION WORK?
OCHA provides emergency response tools at the start of a crisis. These include:
- The UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team (UNDAC)
- Search and rescue coordination in accordance with the International Search and
- Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG) Guidelines,
- Civil-Military Coordination personnel,
- Logistics coordination support;
- Access to military assets as a last resort in disaster response,
- Information management tools for use by humanitarian response agencies to assist in planning, response and coordination.
- At the country level: In a country affected by a disaster or conflict, the ERC may appoint a Humanitarian Coordinator (HC). The HC has the overall responsibility for ensuring that response efforts are well organized and coherent. The HC works with government, international organizations, NGOs and affected communities. An OCHA office will be established to support Humanitarian Coordinator.
- On policy issues related to humanitarian action: OCHA supports the development of common policy positions among humanitarian agencies and at the international level through the United Nations and other influential for a. Policy advice is also provided to affected countries.
- Through advocacy on humanitarian issues: OCHA’s advocacy aims to speak out on behalf of people affected by humanitarian crises. Specific areas of concern include the protection of civilians, prevention of displacement, disaster preparedness and the efficiency of humanitarian response. Current advocacy priorities in 2009 at the global level are focused on:
- Internal displacement
- Climate change
- Gender-based violence
- Through information outlets:
- The Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN) which provides news and information through text and radio services. IRIN also enhances advocacy efforts through the provision of materials – photos, films and reports – to highlight current crises.
- ReliefWeb is the global hub for time-critical humanitarian information on Complex Emergencies and Natural Disasters
- OCHA Online – OCHA’s Website (http://ochaonline.un.org/) provides an overview of key issues and challenges facing the humanitarian community as well as hosting OCHA’s advocacy materials.
- OCHA’s Public Information Unit provides press releases, op-eds, briefing notes, talking points and key messages on a variety of issues, events and situations of major concern.
- Through funding for humanitarian action:
OCHA is a strong advocate of the global effort to move towards a predictable and needs-based humanitarian financing system and is active in improving the way in which the international humanitarian system seeks and manages funding. Through its participation in the Good Humanitarian Donorship initiative OCHA aims to contribute to improving the quality and quantity of humanitarian funding.
- The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF): The CERF aims to promote early action and response to reduce loss of life, enhance response to time-critical requirements, and strengthen core elements of humanitarian response in under-funded crises.
- The Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP), established in 1992, is a cycle of strategic planning, from the development of a Common Humanitarian Action Plan to resource mobilization (leading to a Consolidated Appeal or Flash Appeal), coordinated implementation and joint monitoring and evaluation.
- Financial Tracking Service (FTS) – which is a global, real-time database that records all reported international humanitarian aid.
- Funding and in-kind support from the private sector.
- Total International staff – 613
- Total local/national staff – 1,182
- TOTAL OCHA STAFF 2009 – 1,795
OCHA’s 2009 requirements for implementing its activities at HQ and Field amount to USD 239,617 million. OCHA expects to finance this through:
- Regular Budget – USD12.292 million
- Extrabudgetary – USD 227,324 million
For more information, please click on: http://ochaonline.un.org/Preferences in private sector partnership
The most effective way to ensure that vital humanitarian relief reaches the vulnerable and the needy is to contribute to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF):
What is CERF and How Can I Support it?
In 2005, in the context of a slow response to the humanitarian crisis in Darfur and the overwhelming response to the Asian tsunami, the United Nations undertook a major reform of the humanitarian system. For years, the world would too often witness vulnerable people receiving—or not receiving—assistance based on geopolitical considerations, levels of media coverage, and the amount of resources available to aid groups. This system was no system at all, but rather a lottery that countries could win or lose, with life or death consequences.
The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) was launched by the United Nations Secretary General on 09 March 2006. With a US$450 million grant element, the CERF is now used to provide urgently-needed funds within the first few hours of a sudden onset crisis, jump-starting operations when most lives are lost, or saved. This is done through the Fund’s “rapid response window.”
In addition, one-third of CERF funding each year goes through an “under-funded emergencies window,” where poorly-financed but urgently-needed humanitarian programmes in “forgotten emergencies” around the world are supported.
Funds are targeted at a wide range of programmes, so long as they are life-saving and time-critical. Since allocations are based on requests coming from the humanitarian workers on the ground, closest to the needs, the CERF is a “smarter” and more flexible funding mechanism. It consistently serves as an equalizer, acting like a hedge against imbalances in funding among emergencies, appeals and sectors.
Since its inception, the CERF has allocated more than $1.2 billion to humanitarian efforts in 70 countries around the world. Please donate now: The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)
With your donation, you are helping the United Nations provide rapid disaster relief and save lives in emergencies. To contribute, please go to https://www.rapiddisasterrelief.org
You may also wish to access the Financial Tracking Service (FTS) page – a global, real-time database which records all reported international humanitarian aid (including bilateral, in-kind, and private contributions) in order to report your contribution or review aid statistics at http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/pageloader.aspx
Otherwise, OCHA’s emergency response coordination work would also greatly benefit from:
- computer and communications equipment and services (hardware preferred);
- professional services and expertise;
- in-kind contributions such as basic, non-food, non-medical emergency relief items such as water purification, sotrage and distributions systems, shelter equipment, blankets, tools, generators, kitchen equipment sets, etc.. For more specific listings of in-kind contributions, please see OCHA/LSU website
- Advocacy of global issues
- Standards and guidelines development
- Project funding
- Provision of services / personnel
- Provision of goods
- Disasters and humanitarian affairs
- Food security and nutrition
- Gender issues
- Information and communications technologies
- Refugees and internally displaced persons
- Transportation and logistics
- Jul 2010 - Guatemala: Floods
- Jul 2010 - Pakistan: Floods
- Jan 2010 - Haiti: Earthquakes
- Occupied Palestinian Territory
- West Africa
- Dem. Rep. of Congo
- Central African Republic
Americas: 11 countries (show)
Asia: 12 countries (show)
Europe: 51 countries (show)
Middle East: 11 countries (show)
Oceania: Fiji; Papua New Guinea
Type(s) of services / business sectors
Accounting and management services; Advocacy and legal services; Agriculture and...show all (21)
External Relations and Partnerships Section
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Tel: +1 917 367 4280 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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